NOVEMBER marks the start of winter and is the time of year when any remaining colour in the garden begins to fade.
Gardeners need to start preparing for next year's growing season and it's still a good time for planting all hardy plants.
Plant tulips now as the soil will be cooler, which will help to prevent the fungal disease tulip fire
Finish planting spring flowering bulbs such as allium, crocus and narcissi
Blackberries, blackcurrants, gooseberries and raspberries can be planted in well-prepared soil with plenty of compost
Sow broad beans, garlic and shallots
Bare rooted hedging, shrubs and trees can also be planted
Trim back ivy once it has finished flowering and fruiting
Hydrangeas can be pruned, but make sure you don't cut them too low or they may not produce many flowers next year
Prune gooseberry bushes and remove any growth in the centre of the bush
Established apple and pear trees can be pruned. Ensure any branches, crossing or rubbing are removed because open wounds will encourage disease
Roses should be cut back by about half to protect them from the wind
Once the frost has blackened them, cut the stems of dahlias to about 10 centimetres from the ground
Cut back those less hardy perennials such as pentstemons and fuchsias
Oriental grasses and bamboo can also be cut back
Try to keep off the lawn when it is wet or frozen as this can be damaging
Rake up fallen leaves regularly, otherwise they may encourage fungal disease and bare patches
Continue to scarify and spike the lawn to improve drainage and aeration
Apply an autumn feed and moss killer if you didn't already do this last month
Weather permitting, you can lay new turf and if you are planning to sow or lay a new lawn next spring there is still time to prepare the ground
For more information about gardening in November, call Jack's Patch Nursery & Garden Centre, Newton Road in Bishopsteignton, on 01626 776996.